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The first and second century after the birth of Christ is the time kobietce Christianity is mainly created by converted Jews. Those days Christian thought aleksandryjskj its creators, apostolic fathers writers directly connected with the Apostles or their disciplesare thoroughly permeated by a Jewish thought and in this way they refer to the Bible. A number of letters are written, most of which also constitute the New Testament twenty-one of the twenty-seven books of the New Testament are letters.
Nevertheless, the influence of Judaism on Christianity is weakened at the end of the first century Synod in Jawne.
The Church comprises more and more new members coming from pagan not Christian environment1. The next stage of the development of Christian literary activity comprises apologists2 embarking on a philosophical discussion with pagan opponents3 and also preaching to other co-believers mission and didactic aspect.
It is such a significant event that new centres of scientific reflection upon faith are created — a catechistic school in Alexandria4, Antioch and Casarea in Palestine.
Małżeństwo w katolicyzmie
A most intensive encounter of Christian philosophy5 and Greek philosophy6 comes in Egypt. Among the thinkers of the early Christianity there are two contrastive attitudes. The other attitude was supported by the Alexandrian tradition. The question is whether it lost its essence, character, surrendered Hellenism, aleksandrynski quite the contrary, whether this encounter had a kpbierce influence on Christianity.
Harnack represented the former trend and he thought that the heritage of the www. In the attitude of the early Christianity writers prevailed a desire for a dialogue with antique culture in a vast understanding.
Clement held an opinion that, that is to say, Greek philosophy had propaedeutical character against the True philosophy – Christianity A vision of Clement based on three factors, which kkemens implicite showed and we can — for us — so this named: In this paper I want to present a picture of Plato in the context of holistic teaching of Clement.
That is why an exaggerated fascination with philosophy is aleksandryjwki when Christianity as a true revelation of God comprises all truths a man needs to be saved.
Wydawnictwo KUL — deal with the issue of the criticism of pagan religions and captivating them in the key praeparatio evangelica.
Discussion about literary issues: The crucial issue of such a mission is to share good news in a proper form, on the one hand avoiding excessive language accurateness, and on the other hand — giving up everything that is essential Having been thoroughly educated in the Catechetical School of Pantaneus16, Clement becomes acquainted with different philosophical trends.
He thinks that www. Littera Antiqua He also provides his own definition of real philosophy. Clement uses an enriched language several times so as to stress the very feature which is fundamental for real philosophy, and as it turns out, it is not easy for a man to distinguish something precious in the jungle of various sciences. kobkerce
It is aleksabdryjski feat fit for the gardener to pluck without injury the rose that is growing among the thorns; and for the craftsman to find out the pearl buried in the oyster’s flesh. And they say that fowls have flesh of the most agreeable quality, when, through not being supplied with abundance of food, they pick their sustenance with difficulty, scraping with their feet. If any one, then, speculating on what is similar, wants to arrive at the truth that is in the numerous Hellenistic plausibilities, like the real face beneath masks, he will hunt it out with much pains Thus, out of the whole philosophical conception, Clement chooses only what serves his purpose.
All translations of the author. Alesandryjski probably experienced the criticism from other Christ-believers due to some www. He embarks on a discussion with them.
Whereas, Christian people, being afraid of Hellenistic sciences, do not want to have anything in common with them and they block their ears with ignorance However, what is interesting is the fact that those Hellenistic sciences, that is Greek philosophy, might be helpful in understanding and accepting Christianity.
In a way, Greek philosophy constituted a preparatory stage in the history until the revelation was given to the Jewish people.
Philosophy was a divine revelation intended for Greeks In his place the most representative words seem to be those from Stromata I: For God is the cause of all good things; but of some primarily, as of the Old and the New Testament; and of others by consequence, as philosophy. Perchance, too, philosophy was given to the Greeks directly and primarily, till the Lord should call the Greeks.
I ; V ; VI Introduction into Christianity and preaching Gospel requires from a man to remove, discard and soften what is human in order to make your soul open and receptive aleksandryjsoi the operation of Truth Philosophy might be the thing that allows a man into Christianity and www. On another occasion Clement completes his thought by a comparison referring to working on a field.
A man is presented here as somebody who tends to his soul so as to bear fruit in his kobifrce life. Clement holds an opinion that philosophy performs a double role. Firstly, it provided the grounds for Christianity30, and secondly, – and this aleksandryjsku, at the same time, the goal of a dialogue with the Greek culture — it constituted the fight with sophistry31, specifically understood as heresy. It is heterodox gnosis gnosticism Due to that fact it was intended only for a small number of people.
One of the characteristic features was a strongly underlined dualism of: I ; V I ; ; ; II I ; ; VI Iand also is an empty babble — Strom.
A lot of information on his subject can be fund in Chadwick In the second century A. Orthodox gnosis shared a Christian belief that the Bible contains mystery. Nevertheless, heterodox gnosis frequently referred to the speculations of a mythological and fantastic character, mingling with cosmic order, concept of www.
Greek philosophy, however, was to perform a significant role. It constituted, in a way, the fence and the wall of 35 vineyard and protected friends from attacks of brothers living far away36 – that is gnostics.
Gnosticism was undoubtedly an event to be discussedparticularly because its representatives enjoyed effective methods of gaining new supporters, and so Christianity had to assume an offensive attitude PLATO Clement, as a representative of the second sophistry, liked boasting to his readers about his wide knowledge. He did it because of one purpose, that is, to give pleasure. Hence, he broaches numerous issues in the sphere of mathematics, music, geography, medicine, or such a crucial matter as ancient savoir-vivre.
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Obviously, his richest source of knowledge is the Bible. However, his favourite philosopher is Plato Clement knew Plato from 34 Jaeger It may arise a question why it is Plato that he is interested in. The answer might be very simple. The respect42, that the philosopher enjoyed caused a necessity to assume an attitude towards his teaching doctrine, and besides, a great number of subjects43 he dealt with — starting with www.
In the part devoted to the origins of Greek philosophy, Clement argues that Jewish philosophy Judaism was chronologically older than the Geek philosophy He argues that Greeks stole the best ideas from Jews and presented them as their own concepts.
Greeks simply made use of the Jewish wisdom and everything they created is, in fact, only borrowed from older philosophers And this thought returns several times: I 60,1 and conclusion in Strom. I ,6; I V 19,1; II 1,1 and Strom. If the barbarian Jewish philosophy was really older, then Clement calls Plato a philosopher www. In the Paedagogus I 8,67 we can find a comment: Learning from him Moses — auth. Mt 5,37the following words: It is not lawful only to accept the false and cover the truth In his work, the Alexandrian theologian speaks of over three hundred classic authors.
His writings constitute an enormous repository of knowledge about numerous writers, nobody else cares to mention Very often do we learn about various works by Greek authors, which were not widely known.
Nevertheless, Clement quotes even the whole sentences and phrases coming from those writings. Apart from that, he collects a great deal of information of erudite character and he shares it with a reader, frequently presenting different views on the raised issues.
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In this way, among others, he gathers information on Plato. I 93,1; I ,1; VV 99,1 — Plato, Theajtet CA. It is interesting that we can also say the same about other philosophers. As a master of fact Pythagoras and his follower, and also Plato, were, of all other philosophers, closest to the Lawgiver Moses — auth.
Thus, Hellenic philosophy seems to be similar to the life of a candlewick people light: Akusilaus, Pythagoras, Socrates and Sechnuphis of Greece Plato also taught Lastheneia of Arcadia and Axiothea of Phlius Clement declares that Plato was an outstanding thinker, as he possessed knowledge of God Father and the Son.
He predicted this peculiar father and son relationship. I 63,3; I 37,6. It is Zoroaster that Plato claims to have come alive after eleven days of lying among corpses.